Grace Hopper/
Cobol
  • An American computer scientist
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    Vassar Collage
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    Grace Hopper in the Navy
  • Worked in the field of programing languages
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    Arlington National Cemetary
  • Born in New York
  • Died in Arlington, Virginia
  • Buried in the Arlington National Cemetery
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    Grace Hopper
  • Born December 9, 1906
  • Oldest in a family of three children
  • At seven years of age Grace showed a love for gadgets
  • Grace went to Hartridge School in Plainfield, New Jersey
  • Hopper was rejected from Vassar College at age 16
  • Hopper was accepted the following year at Vassar College in 1923
  • Hopper graduated in 1928 with a bachelors degree in mathematics and physics
  • Grace Hopper earned her masters degree in 1930 at the Yale Universityexternal image 800px-Drapeau_blanc.svg.png
    Captain Rank O-5
    Captain Rank O-5
    Commander Rank O-6
    Commander Rank O-6
  • Hopper was naval officer
  • In the 1970's Hopper pioneered the implementation of standards for testing computer systems and components
  • Hopper retired from the naval reserve with the rank of commander (O-6 rank) at the end of 1966
  • Grace was promoted to a captain in 1973 by Admeral Elmo R. Zurnwalt Jr.
  • In 1969 Hopper won the "computer science man of the year" award from the Data Processing Manegment Association
  • Grace lived 85 years and died in her sleep on January 1, 1992
  • Hopper was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery
  • Is a computer specialist and is great help for kids in computer lessons
Quotes


  • It is often easier to ask for forgiveness than to ask for permission.
  • The most dangerous phrase in the language is, "We've always done it this way."
  • Humans are allergic to change. They love to say, "We've always done it this way." I try to fight that. That's why I have a clock on my wall that runs counter-clockwise.
  • A ship in port is safe, but that is not what ships are for. Sail out to sea and do new things.
  • You don't manage people, you manage things. You lead people.
  • Leadership is a two-way street, loyalty up and loyalty down. Respect for one's superiors; care for one's crew.
  • One accurate measurement is worth a thousand expert opinions.
  • Some day, on the corporate balance sheet, there will be an entry which reads, "Information"; for in most cases, the information is more valuable than the hardware which processes it.
  • We're flooding people with information. We need to feed it through a processor. A human must turn information into intelligence or knowledge. We've tended to forget that no computer will ever ask a new question.
  • To me programming is more than an important practical art. It is also a gigantic undertaking in the foundations of knowledge.
  • They told me computers could only do arithmetic.
  • In pioneer days they used oxen for heavy pulling, and when one ox couldn't budge a log, they didn't try to grow a larger ox. We shouldn't be trying for bigger computers, but for more systems of computers.
  • Life was simple before World War II. After that, we had systems.
  • We went overboard on management and forgot about leadership. It might help if we ran the MBAs out of Washington.

Citations
  • Dickason, Elizabeth. "Biography - Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper, USN."Naval History and Heritage Command. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://www.history.navy.mil/bio

  • "Arlington National Cemetery - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Arlington National Cemetery? What is Arlington National Cemetery? Where is Arlington National Cemetery? Definition of Arlington National CemeteryArlington NationalCeme." Welcome to Knowledgerush. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://www.knowledgerush.com